|Beitragstitel||Qi-deficiency and poor appetite: a cross-sectional analysis|
Poor appetite is a common modern plague. Traditional Chinese medicine has been used for symptom management in patients with poor appetite. However, we still know less about the relationship between appetite and specific constitution. Furthermore, individuality-concerned treatment is widely emphasized in Constitutional study in traditional Chinese medicine. Identification of the specific constitution is therefore critical for personalized care.
A cross-sectional study was conducted among three groups, that is, university students from central Taiwan, seniors who took elective course in continuing education, and outpatients at the university hospital. The appetite status was determined by self-reported questionnaires, The Constitution in Chinese Medicine Questionnaire, which has been used to evaluate clinical patterns in Chinese medicine. The relationship between appetite and body constitution was examined using chi square and logistic regression.
We have recruited 87 participants. The mean score for the Qi-deficiency was 37.28 (interquartile range 28.125-43.75). Qi-deficiency was correlated with worse appetite when the 75th percentile Qi-deficiency score of our sample was determined as cut points (p<0.01). Qi-deficiency [odds ratio (OR): 4.85, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.32-17.77, p<0.05] was also associated with worse appetite in logistic regression with adjustments for sex and gender.
Qi-deficiency constitution in Chinese medicine is associated with poor appetite. Further studies are needed to determine if patients' appetite can be improved by changing their constitutions.